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AquaCalc™ is provided Free of charge and in good faith to the end-user. It is important to note that:
  1. By using the software you are agreeing to the terms detailed in the EULA (End User License Agreement), available [here].
  2. Swarm Water Management Ltd take no responsibility for the accuracy of results used from the AquaCalc™ software, although every effort has been made to ensure the precision of the results.
  3.  Please report any errors with AquaCalc™ to Swarm Water Management Ltd upon discovery.
  4. Swarm Water Management Ltd can carry out this calculation service for you, free of charge.

When sizing Swarm Aqua® channels at Swarm, AquaCalc™ models the conduit as spherical, open pipework with the flow originating from a single point at the high end of the channel. This then removes the need to factor in turbulence

from linear interception and provides a ‘worst-case scenario’ of flow through the channel.

When calculating surface runoff (or the volume of water the channel must cater for), we multiply the rainfall rate in l/s/m (often translated from mm/hr) by the catchment area in m2, and the permeability factor of the surface finish in question. The following permeability factors are used:

Concrete: 100%
Asphalt: 85%
Paving: 60%

The result is a required flow rate, denoted commonly as ‘Q’ that the channel must be sized sufficiently to cater for.

When we size channels at Swarm, the ‘Q’ value is then increased by 10% as a factor of safety and used as the benchmark to check which channel configurations will provide sufficient volume for the given situation.


From the length of the channel, an 'if loop' is carried out to test the capacities of Swarm Aqua® channels until the smallest working channel is found.


The standard flow calculation formula of Q=AV where

A = the area of the pipe and

V = the velocity of the water is used.

Manning’s Equation

One the most commonly used equations governing Open Channel Flow is known as the Mannings’s Equation. The Manning’s equation is an empirical equation that applies to uniform flow in open channels and is a function of the channel velocity, flow area and channel slope.

Manning’s equation is applied to the Swarm Aqua® channels in order to populate the achievable flow rates within each channel breakdown in the matrix. In addition to the simple flow calculation attributed to the water flowing through the conduit, an average achieved gradient is also applied when using a stepped fall calculation. This is applied as the differential between high and low invert values of the conduit, divided by the length of the run. This average gradient then has a positive effect on the flow of water through the conduit.

Swarm Aqua Drainage
Swarm Aqua Drainage
Swarm Aqua Drainage
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Swarm Aqua for Paving Drainage
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Swarm Aqua Drainage
Swarm Aqua Drainage
Swarm Aqua Drainage
Swarm Aqua Drainage
Arrange a presentation with us
Our highly experienced team is on hand to give seminars and presentations regarding our own Swarm Aqua® system. With a background in linear drainage and a wealth of knowledge, we are able to answer all of your questions so that specifying or installing Swarm Aqua® is as easy as it should be.
These seminars are suitable for architects, engineers, quantity surveyors, cost consultants, contractors and suppliers.
In Partnership with Aggregate Industries

With over 200 sites and more than 3900 dedicated employees, Aggregate Industries are home to everything from aggregates, asphalt, ready-mixed concrete and precast concrete products.

On top of that, AI produce, import and export supply materials for cement and offer national road surfacing and contracting services.


Swarm Aqua's components are manufactured adhering to the very highest standards. All of the components of the Swarm Aqua® system are manufactured and assembled in the UK in order to ensure a quick delivery and the very best quality control.

We are a CPD Member
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Swarm is dedicated to the holistic commitment of professionals towards the enhancement of personal skills and proficiency throughout their careers. Arrange a presentation with us today via the CPD page or by clicking on the CPD logo above.

© Swarm Water Management Ltd | 2020
Company number 10812428